Two models of reality: Which is your biblical worldview?

Ideally, every Christian has a concept of reality shaped by the Bible, a biblical worldview. However, the kind of worldview model a Christian adopts powerfully impacts that person’s understanding of who God is and what God is doing in the world today.

There are two important, but different, worldview models adopted by many Christians today. One is best described as a conflict or separation model and the other as a reconciliation or leaven model. They both appeal to the Bible, but depending on which one a person adopts—they yield very different results. Each starts with a clear, but different, understanding of the holiness of God and each gives a different answer to the question: What is God’s orientation toward humanity?

Humanity from God’s perspective

A separation model holds that God’s holiness is manifest pre-eminently in God’s righteousness. Because of universal human sinfulness, God’s basic orientation toward humanity is one of righteous wrath. A leaven model holds that God’s holiness is manifest pre-eminently in God’s love. Because of the enormity of humanity’s need, including universal moral neediness due to sin, God’s basic orientation toward humanity is one of compassion. God’s wrath is like the anger of a human father when his child harms herself or another—and is intended to transform, not merely to punish.

According to a separation model, God’s people are called radically out of a world that is destined for destruction. According to a leaven model, God’s people are called radically into a world that is destined for fruition. The destruction of the earth pictured in some biblical texts is like the destruction of a seed when it germinates then flowers and bears fruit.

The church and the poor

A separation model sees that the primary call of the church is to proclaim a gospel that saves people from the destruction to come and saves them for heaven in eternity to come. A leaven model sees that the primary call of the church is to live the gospel, proclaiming it and demonstrating it, knowing that God’s plan is “through Him [Christ] to reconcile to Himself [God] all things, whether on earth or in heaven, making peace by the blood of His cross” (Colossians 1:20, NIV).

According to a separation model, sin has consequences. The poor are largely responsible for their own poverty. Their beliefs beget behaviors that consign them and confine them to poverty. According to a leaven model, sin also has consequences. All are accountable for their beliefs and behaviors, rich and poor, but the poor are often victims of systemic poverty and injustice.

Biblical worldview and helping the poor

A separation model views traditional relief and development work as misguided and of questionable Kingdom value, if any. For a Christian organization, it is at best a compassionate prelude to people accepting Christ as Lord and Savior. At worst, unless people are converted, it keeps them alive to burn for eternity.

A leaven model holds that Spirit-driven works of compassion are powerful Kingdom works and that a Christian relief and development organization should be like leaven that permeates the practices of the entire community of organizations seeking to address worldwide poverty. God’s concern for humanity is for the entire scope of our neediness, not just our moral neediness due to sin.

Which is your concept of reality?

Though there is genuine tension between these biblical worldviews, both are compatible with historic Christian beliefs such as the truthfulness of the scriptures, the universality of sin, the virgin birth of Christ, His miracles, His literal, physical resurrection and His promised return. Do you feel the tension? It is a tension made all the more intense, because how you resolve it makes a huge difference.

When you partner with Food for the Hungry, we work together like leaven in a world full of potential. Together, we can make a difference as God’s Kingdom comes to fruition through Spirit-empowered actions of our love.


About Marty Martin

Marty Martin is soon to retire Chief Operating Officer for Food for the Hungry (FH). He graduated from the US Air Force Academy and served as a rescue helicopter pilot in the US, Vietnam, and Greenland. Later, after graduating from Covenant Theological Seminary, he flew as an emergency medical helicopter pilot with Air Methods Corporation, eventually becoming VP for Operations. He continued in this role until called as Executive Pastor at Cherry Creek Presbyterian Church (CCPC) in Denver. He joined the FH Board in 2003. In late 2004, on loan from CCPC, Marty left on a two-year assignment as Country Director for FH in the Democratic Republic of Congo, returning to CCPC in 2007 and to serving as an FH board member in 2008. He was awarded an honorary Doctor of Humanities degree from Colorado Christian University for his work in Congo. Marty joined FH’s staff in 2011 as Chief Operating Officer and is based in FH’s Phoenix Global Service Center. He and his wife, Rosemary, have three children and four grandchildren.

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